National Environment Policy
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National Environment Policy

Download the National Environment Policy from here.

Download the Scenarios Paper from here


In March 2010, Government launched a process to develop Malta’s National Environment Policy (NEP). The NEP is a comprehensive environmental policy covering all environmental sectors and natural resources, including air, waste, water, land, soil, climate, biodiversity, coastal and marine areas, noise, chemicals, and mineral resources. It covers, but is not restricted to, obligations stemming from the European Union environment acquis.


The objectives of this policy are:
a. To provide direction to both the public and private sector and other players;
b. To ensure the integration of all policies such that all stakeholders work in a coordinated manner to achieve the national objectives and key priorities, not only in the environmental field but also in areas that impact upon or are impacted by the environment, exploiting synergies and addressing potential conflicts across sectors;
c. To clearly articulate and communicate national environmental commitments and priorities in a transparent manner.


Since the environment impacts and is impacted by human activity in a range of sectors, the NEP addresses these causes and effects. Importantly, the policy addresses the environment-economy interaction (including the impacts on the environment of specific key sectors, such as tourism, construction, agriculture, transport, and vice-versa, the implications on competitiveness, innovation, employment, GDP) and environment–society interaction (including health and quality of life considerations).
Tools to implement the policy include legal instruments (such as regulation, penalties, permits and liability regimes), economic instruments (such as expenditure and funding, taxes, incentives, and tradable permits), and instruments aimed at voluntary compliance (such as education, and voluntary schemes). The NEP also includes investment in infrastructure, the role of local government, of international bodies, and of the various non-governmental stakeholders.
The time horizon for the NEP is from 2012 to 2020. 

NEP work phases

Work on the NEP involved three phases: (click on each phase for more details)